We love football, especially when it leads to better cities.

This site provides quick facts with original sources on the good, the bad, and the ugly – from a city perspective – of hosting the FIFA World Cup or the Olympic Games.

We’re two researchers from the Graduate School of Design and the School of Engineering and Applied Sciences at Harvard. Altringer worked on the South African 2010 World Cup preparations and before that did a Fulbright fellowship focused on Barcelona’s 1992 Olympics and 2004 Forum of the Cultures transformations. Garen Gary Srapyan is a GSD graduate and current research fellow in Altringer’s Lab.

We’ve researched the history of the anticipated versus actual urban development impacts of the FIFA World Cup and the Olympics. We want to make it easier for journalists, sports, city and other enthusiasts to see the 2014 World Cup in its urban infrastructural and historical context.

We hope that this will help stimulate more conversation about how sport can lead to better cities. We’ll add new content throughout the Brazilian World Cup in June 2014 – check back to see what is new or to post your own list.

Eventually, we want to explore ways that FIFA and the IOC can work with hosts as peers, and to make the long-term urban development and infrastructural needs of host cities as much of a priority as hosting the Beautiful Game.

Like what we're up to? Have a list of facts with original sources we should add? Submit it here!